What is Typhoid fever?

June 16, 2019

What is Typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is a life-threatening infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi.

How Common is Typhoid fever?

Globally Typhoid infects an estimated 21.6 million people and kills an estimated 200,000 people every year.

How is Typhoid contracted?

Typhoid is gotten through the following;

  • Oral transmission through consumption of contaminated food or water. Once the bacteria are ingested they multiply and spread into the blood stream.
  • Hand to mouth transmission after using a contaminated toilet and not practising good hand hygiene via hand washing with soap and running water or use of a hand sanitizer.

Who are those at risk of Typhoid?

Persons living in poor hygiene and sanitation conditions, lack of access to safe drinking water, overcrowding, flooded water and sanitation systems, travellers to typhoid endemic areas, persons purchasing food from road side vendors.

What are the symptoms of Typhoid?

Prolonged high fever, fatigue, headache, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhoea.

What are the complications of untreated Typhoid?

Intestinal bleeding, perforation of the bowels, delirium, obtundation, and death within 1 month of onset.

Can someone be a carrier of the causative pathogen of Typhoid fever?

Yes. People can be chronic carriers of the typhoid bacteria and can spread it to others.

How do I prevent Typhoid?

  • Imbibing hygienic practises and consuming properly prepared meals.
  • Receiving the typhoid vaccine.

Are there available vaccines against Typhoid?

Yes. A single dose vaccine is recommended for adults and children over 2 years of age, followed by booster doses every 3 years.

How do I get vaccinated against Typhoid?

Book for your vaccination against Typhoid by visiting.


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