Typhoid fever is a life-threatening infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi.
Globally Typhoid infects an estimated 21.6 million people and kills an estimated 200,000 people every year.
Typhoid is gotten through the following;
Persons living in poor hygiene and sanitation conditions, lack of access to safe drinking water, overcrowding, flooded water and sanitation systems, travellers to typhoid endemic areas, persons purchasing food from road side vendors.
Prolonged high fever, fatigue, headache, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhoea.
Intestinal bleeding, perforation of the bowels, delirium, obtundation, and death within 1 month of onset.
Yes. People can be chronic carriers of the typhoid bacteria and can spread it to others.
Yes. A single dose vaccine is recommended for adults and children over 2 years of age, followed by booster doses every 3 years.
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