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typhoid vaccination

Typhoid fever what travellers can do to prevent it

December 02, 2019

If you have ever gotten typhoid , you will be able to relate how frustrating the constant fever, headache, and body weakness associated with the diseases is, and wondered how you got it in the first place.

Typhoid fever is caused by a bacteria S.typhi, and you must have gotten typhoid from from ingesting contaminated food or water unknowingly to you, you thought the food you ate and the water you drank were in good hygienic conditions.

For travellers, the major and easy means to contract typhoid fever is by consuming local cuisine or water contaminated by the bacteria, because there is no way you can control the hygienic state where these foods are prepared, you can only guess from observation, but its usually more than meets the eyes.

Therefore, it is important you pay attention to the following strategies for preventing the disease, as prevention is the mother of all cures.

Food and water safety measures

There are several precautionary measure you can take to ensure you don’t get typhoid fever, and they are very easy to imbibe and are not complex strategies or behavioral practices.

It will be interesting for you to know that the amount of S.typhi in contaminated food is most likely higher than that in contaminated water, so you should ensure the following:

  • Your food is well-cooked and eaten while still hot
  • Avoid drinking tap water rather consume boiled, treated, or bottled water
  • Practice personal hand hygiene this means you should always wash your hands before eating or make use of hand sanitizers if access to soap and running water isn’t possible
  • Unpasteurized dairy products and poorly cooked meat or fish should be avoided

Vaccination

If you will be travelling to an area where there is high risk of exposure to S.typhi the causative agent of typhoid, it is advised you get vaccinated.

There are different types of vaccines against typhoid (enteric fever), some are administered orally with multiple subsequent doses, and there is the injectable vaccine that is given intramuscular or subcutaneous routes.

In our environment, the injectable vaccine  is what we recommend against typhoid as it is readily available and accessible compared to the oral vaccine, and it is administered as a single dose at the upper arm.

Furthermore, for continued protection, it is better you receive a booster dose every three years.

To book for your vaccination against typhoid please visit.

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