What is meningitis?

Meningococcal Meningitis is a serious and life-threatening infection leading to inflammation of the meninges (specifically the arachnoid and pia mater) that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.

What causes meningitis?

It is majorly caused by a bacteria Neisseria meningitidis (serogroups A, B, C, W135, X and Y) and viruses.

The serogroup A is responsible for an estimated 80-85% of all cases of meningitis in Africa.

How is it spread?

The bacteria are transmitted from person-to-person through discharges or droplets from the nose or throat secretions from someone who has the infection. Close contact (such as kissing, sneezing or coughing). Adolescents are more at risk as they are likely to have increasing social contact and spend more time in crowded conditions such as dormitories, share eating and drinking utensils which helps spread the disease.

Who is at risk?

Toddlers and adolescents are at highest risk of meningitis. Adults can also be affected, particularly if you are living in or travelling to high risk areas where outbreaks have been reported (especially in Northern States in Nigeria that falls within the meningitic belt). Outbreak is common during the dry season due to low humidity and dusty conditions than during the rainy season.

Up to 10% of people who contract the disease die within 24 to 48 hours of the onset of symptoms.

What are the symptoms?

Common symptoms include stiff neck, headaches, high fever, sensitivity to light, confusion, and vomiting.

What can I do to help protect my family?

Practise good personal hygiene which include hand washing with soap and water or use of hand sanitizers, avoid overcrowding, provide cross-ventilation in sleeping and working environments as the disease is highly contagious, and more importantly get vaccinated against meningitis.

How do I get vaccinated against meningitis?

Book for your vaccination by clicking here

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