Hepatitis B Vaccination

Hepatitis B Vaccination

Hepatitis B is an inflammatory disease of the liver caused by the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), a DNA virus with humans been the only known natural host.  It enters the liver via the blood stream and replicates only in the liver tissue.

Transmission of hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is transmitted via skin or mucosal surface exposure to infected blood or other body fluids. Transmission can occur perinatally/ mother to child, household (nonsexual), sexual, needle sharing, and occupational/health-care related.

HBV can remain stable and infectious on environmental surfaces for at least 7 days, transmission may occur indirectly via contaminated surfaces and other objects.

Who is at risk of the virus?

With an estimated 20.1 million Nigerians living with the disease and the ease of transmission, we all are at risk of hepatitis B infection.

In areas like Nigeria where hepatitis B is highly endemic, the risk of hepatitis b infection is increased by someone having unprotected sex with multiple sexual partners, having sex with known hepatitis B infected persons, cuts with unsterilized sharp blades, needles, and knives used during circumcision and skin piercing, sharing of blades used for hair cutting, men having sex with men (MSM), persons that indulge in oral sex, and somebody receiving blood transfusion from an infected and unscreened source amongst others. Transmission can also occur where there is frequent and prolonged close personal contact with an infected person.

Symptoms of hepatitis B?

Most persons infected and living with hepatitis B do not know they have the virus, until symptoms begins to manifest when the liver may have been damaged or when they go for routine screening.

Common symptoms include; pain on the right upper part of the abdomen, dark urine, changes in stool colour, jaundice (yellow colour in the skin or the eyes), and enlarge liver or spleen amongst others.

How do I know my hepatitis B status?

Do a test for the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Persons who test positive are potentially infectious to others.

Can hepatitis B be cured?

No, it can’t be cured for now, however it can be managed using medications.

How can I prevent hepatitis B infection?

By being vaccinated against Hepatitis B Virus. For a normal or uninfected person that has been screened and found negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) vaccination is the best way to prevent hepatitis B infection, the vaccine is administered in three shots (0, 1, 3 or 6) start date, four weeks later from start date, and either 3 months from start date or 6 months from start date.

How do I book for my test and vaccination?

Book for your vaccination by clicking here

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